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The importance of our PELVIC FLOOR - for both men and women! 

Small Strokes

Hi team, I stress the importance of PELVIC FLOOR STRENGTH AND FUNCTION a lot, in classes, in my social media posts and at the mum groups I speak at. 

The PELVIC FLOOR is part of our 'CORE' muscles, which is what HardCORE Fitness is all about!

Our current statistics on pelvic floor dysfunction are 1 in 3 women - with 1 in 2 of those having prolapse. This is a HUGE number, and it's my main drive for coaching MUMS and raising awareness of common postpartum issues. 

As always, any questions please get in touch. Lisa 


Lisa Hansen

Certified Pre and Postnatal Coach



Our pelvic floor is a group of muscles that stretch like a hammock from the pubic bone at the front, to the tailbone at the back, and from one 'sitting bone' to the other.

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A female's pelvic floor muscles support the bladder, bowel and uterus. They wrap firmly around the openings from these organs (urethra, vagina, rectum) to help keep these passages shut. When the pelvic floor muscles are strong and FUNCTIONING they help prevent the leaking of urine and faeces, and prevent prolapse. They also help with sexual sensation and function. In pregnancy, they help the body support the growing baby and reduce the risk of bladder or bowel problems after birth.

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A male's pelvic floor supports the bladder and bowel. Just like a women's pelvic floor, the pelvic floor muscles wrap firmly around the openings of these organs (urethra, rectum) to help keep these passages shut - continence of bladder and bowel. It is also important for sexual function. Sexual dysfunction is surprisingly common in the general male population, with rates of erectile dysfunction estimated at 52 per cent and premature ejaculation at 30 per cent. Pelvic floor training is one component that may help with sexual function.


  • IMPROVES BLADDER AND BOWEL CONTROL (e.g prevents leaking!)

  • REDUCE THE RISK OF PROLAPSE (for both men and women).

  • IMPROVES SEXUAL FUNCTION - Increase sexual sensation and orgasm intensity. A flexible and strong pelvic floor will allow BOTH MEN AND WOMEN to experience deeper, more intense orgasms as the muscles are able to have a larger range of motion in contraction. It is important to note here too, women with a hypertonic pelvic floor will often find sexual intercourse painful or uncomfortable and will benefit greatly from CORRECT and SUITABLE pelvic floor work (including relaxation techniques). 

  • IMPROVE RECOVERY - For women, from pregnancy/childbirth and gynaecological surgery. For men, recovery after prostate surgery.

  • MAY ALLEVIATE LOWER BACK/HIP/BACK PAIN - by improving stability of the core. 



  • Leaking/wetting when coughing, sneezing or when active.

  • Urgent need to pass urine more often.

  • Trouble with bowel control.

  • Pelvic muscle pain, pressure/dragging feeling in pelvic floor.

  • Bulge (prolapse).

  • Difficult or painful intercourse.

  • Difficulty or pain using tampons.

  • Incomplete emptying of the bladder or bowels.

  • Constipation.

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Pelvic floor dysfunction can occur when the pelvic floor muscles are stretched, weakened or too tight (hypertonic).

This is why EXPERT advice is really important!!

Pelvic floor rehabilitation exercises can greatly improve symptoms - but doing these exercises incorrectly OR doing inappropriate pelvic floor exercises can actually exacerbate or cause dysfunction.

As an example, a hypertonic (gripping/tight) pelvic floor will likely not improve by doing 'kegels' as the dysfunction is the lack of relaxation - repetitive tightening will likely make the issue worse. 

This includes pregnancy and birth, being overweight, constipation, persistent heavy lifting, high impact exercise, long term persistent coughing, pelvic surgery (including hysterectomy, prostate surgery or radiotherapy treatment), ageing/hormone changes.

Some habits/activities can lead to the pelvic floor muscles tightening up:

Incorrect training of the pelvic floor - practicing drawing up exercises without a strong 'letting go' sensation, or continually gripping core muscles when working out can develop tension in the pelvic floor so the muscles don't have time to relax and let go.

History of holding on to bladder or bowels so the pelvic floor muscles are tightened for long periods of time.

High levels of stress, fear or anxiety.

Health conditions such as endometriosis or irritable bowel syndrome - developing tense pelvic floor muscles due to the chronic pelvic or abdominal pain and inflammation.

Birth trauma and scar tissue - when the pain and scarring can cause the pelvic floor muscles to tighten protectively. To note, one sided pelvic floor tears can cause the opposite side of the pelvic floor to tighten due to overactivity.

Reasons the pelvic floor muscles can weaken

Causes of a hypertonic pelvic floor (too tight, 'gripping')

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You may have heard someone say their pelvic floor was too strong/tight so they couldn't push out baby, or that you shouldn't do pelvic floor exercises in PREGNANCY??

Pelvic floor exercises are extremely beneficial in pregnancy!! Not only do they help our body to support the growing baby, but strong and functioning pelvic floor muscles BEFORE birth will regain their strength much quicker afterwards and reduce the risk of prolapse postpartum.

When people say their pelvic floor was too tight, this is a HYPERTONIC pelvic floor... this means that the muscle doesn't relax and 'let go' which ultimately makes it non functioning. This can be caused by many different things, including doing incorrect pelvic floor training, or from working out and holding their core, so that the muscles are 'on' all the time. This is NOT the same as a STRONG and FUNCTIONING pelvic floor. 

If you have a hypertonic pelvic floor during pregnancy, keeping on doing traditional 'kegel' exercises and holding up the pelvic floor will likely not be beneficial, but learning to relax and practice the 'let go' or release will help. So even with a hypertonic pelvic floor, pelvic floor training is very beneficial - it just needs to be tailored to your particular needs.

We go over this (and so much more!) in our ONLINE PREGNANCY FITNESS 6 week course.


What can I do?

1.  Where possible, I always recommend getting a check up with a women's pelvic floor physio so you have a diagnosis. Some physio's require a referral - this can be from your midwife/obstetrician, your fitness coach or another health provider, so you may not need to pay for a gp visit to get this. Some physio's will not need a referral so check with them. 

Alternatively, you can go through the public system via your gp. This continues to be an under funded area of our health system and there is often long wait times.

2.  Note WHEN you are experiencing symptoms.

Avoid exercise that is a trigger - for example if you feel a heaviness in your pelvic floor during or in the days after a run, that is a likely indicator your pelvic floor is currently not coping with the load. Continuing to push through these symptoms can exacerbate dysfunction. 

3.  Learn HOW to perform pelvic floor exercises (this is much more than 'kegels'). 

Weakened pelvic floor muscles often respond really well to rehab exercises. A hypertonic pelvic floor can also be helped with breathing techniques, relaxation and pelvic floor exercises.

It is never too late to work on this, no matter how old your kids are!!

"Her pelvic floor and core reconnection exercises have been a game changer. My core muscles started to feel stronger after the first few sessions and my pelvic floor control has improved significantly"

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This course is purposely low cost so it is accessible to all women.

Online CORE RECOVERY 6 week program

  • SHORT 15-20min sessions that you can do anytime during the 6 weeks.

  • Easy to follow videos that take out all of the guess work - no fancy jargon!

  • In-depth pelvic floor work suitable for both prolapse and hypertonic pelvic floors.

  • Complete CORE focus, including lower abs and butt muscles.

  • No equipment or big space necessary.

It is a complete, comprehensive rehabilitation program for $60 for 6 weeks of sessions (18 total). A women's physio appointment is often around $180, I have designed this course as an alternative for women who simply can't afford that, or ideally as an additional support to decrease physio sessions required. 

Small Strokes

Designed by a CERTIFIED Pre and Postnatal Coach (GGS), with 18 years experience as a qualified PT and Group Fitness Instructor and a registered 'Pelvic Floor Safe Fitness Professional' (Incontinence NZ, via Maree Frost).

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